This paper emphasizes the importance of wind energy in the transition to a sustainable and renewable energy future. While wind energy is a reliable, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly energy source, it has some negative effects on the environment, society, and the economy that need to be minimized. Social acceptance is crucial for successful wind energy deployment, and challenges such as environmental and ecological impacts must be carefully managed. Despite these challenges, the future perspectives for wind energy technology are promising, with advances in turbine design, energy storage, artificial
intelligence, and machine learning as advanced technologies making wind energy more efficient, cost-effective, and reliable. The development of larger turbines, offshore wind farms, and floating wind turbines offer exciting possibilities for the future of wind energy. This paper also gives an overview of the current drawbacks associated with wind energy and future perspectives toward sustainable ways of generating wind energy as an alternative to reduce the harmful environmental impacts of the usage of fossil fuels.