As environmental issues become more pressing, waste minimization and utilization have become crucial concerns for society. Waste minimization seeks to decrease the amount of waste generated, while waste utilization involves repurposing waste for practical uses. This article thoroughly examines waste minimization strategies and waste utilization technologies, including recycling, composting, and energy recovery. Additionally, it highlights successful waste minimization and utilization programs through various case studies. The benefits of implementing these practices are numerous and include reduced environmental impact, conservation of natural resources, and economic advantages. Therefore, it is necessary for businesses, universities, governments, and individuals to prioritize waste minimization and utilization in order to sustain the future.