Impacts of Cement Production on the Environment with Practical Solutions: A critical review

Cement plants aggravate the critical challenges of anthropogenic environmental pollution, global warming, climate change, and excessive fossil fuel use by emitting 15% of global contaminants. These pollutants have a negative effect on ecosystems and human health. Despite the inevitable utilization of cement-based materials in many fields due to population growth and urbanization, addressing this issue is imperative. To reduce the environmental effects resulting from the cement production processes, solutions were introduced, including filtering methods and recycling techniques. Electrostatic precipitators and bag filters are used to prevent emissions from entering the atmosphere. There are many approaches used to minimize the reliance on regular cement, including the use of industrial waste or manufacturing cement-free concrete. For a sustainable environment, it is important to use substitute materials for cement that are both energy-efficient and environmentally friendly in the process of manufacturing concrete.