The emission of Carbon dioxide has drastically increased nowadays due to various factors, and fossil fuel-based power plants and different kinds of industrial processes are the primary cause for them. The environment has led to vast pollution and has resulted in global warming and climatic change. It is essential to focus on carbon-capturing methods to minimize the negative impact on the environment and use it for better applications. Efficient CO2 mitigation techniques will become increasingly demanding due to these environmental issues. Several methods have been reviewed by scientists such as switching to renewable energies like wind power, solar power, improving process the efficiency of the power plants, and CO2 emissions capturing of the power plants and the industries . However, the most practical and realistic option will be carbon capture and storage (CCS) for several decades to maintain a sustainable green environment.